MUSD Kindergarten - Sixth Grade Curriculum
In kindergarten through sixth grade, MUSD uses an integrated unit approach for English Language Arts, Science, and Social Studies. Integrated units bring together academic ideas around a common theme to increase understanding, retention, and application of concepts. Integrating increases student engagement, improves critical thinking skills, and builds connections across the curriculum to improve cognition. An integrated curriculum combines content areas to create meaningful learning experiences for students.
At MUSD, we believe in the science of reading research that supports the development of students’ communication skills through reading, writing, speaking, and listening. This is accomplished through the Elementary Literacy Block, which includes Phonological Awareness, Phonics/Word Work, Read Aloud, Shared Reading, Guided Reading/Small Groups, and Independent Reading.
A fundamental goal of science education is to help students determine how the world works and make sense of phenomena in the natural world. To develop a scientific understanding of the natural world, students must be able to ask questions, gather information, reason about that information, and connect it to scientific principles, theories, or models, and then effectively communicate their understanding and reasoning.
Sense-making in science occurs with the integration of three essential dimensions: Science and Engineering Practices (what we do), Cross-Cutting Concepts (how we think), and Core Ideas (what we learn). These are known as the Three Dimensions of Science Instruction. The AZ Science Standards support these concepts.
Social Studies Approach
The AZ Social Studies Standards are no longer a “checklist” approach but rather based upon an inquiry approach. Using the Inquiry Design Model, the focus of these units is to look through the lens of the Disciplinary Skills and Processes, where students uncover their learning and are able to apply it to any historical era, context, or content area. Using these tools, students think like historians, geographers, political scientists, and economists. These skills and processes are especially critical in a time when students are exposed to massive amounts of information in numerous forms and must develop the skills to make sense of it.
The AZ Math Standards are supported by the implementation of Eureka Math. This curriculum, designed like a story, focuses on the key concepts of Focus, Coherence, and Rigor developed over multiple grade levels. Coherent models and problem-solving help students gain a complete body of math knowledge, not just a discrete set of skills. Rigor, defined as the blend of conceptual understanding, procedural skills and fluency, and application are also prevalent throughout this resource. The eight Standards for Mathematical Practice highlight the applied nature of math and clarify the expectations held for the use of mathematics in and outside of the classroom.
ADE Standards by Grade Level
Select the appropriate grade level tab to access ELA, Science, Social Studies and Math standards: